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About The

International Anti Corruption Court 

Our Judges & Attorneys

The International Anti Corruption Court (IACC) is a public international organization, an impartial Tribunal (INGO), duly incorporated under International Laws & Treaties. Entitled to enjoy the privileges, exemptions and immunities as an International Organization under the International Organizations Immunities Act.

Emily Owens      |      Attorney 

Corporate Litigation Specialist

Paula Smith          Attorney

Corporate Litigation Specialist

The International Anti Corruption Court Foundation (IACC) is an international impartial tribunal (INGO), duly incorporated under International Laws & Treaties, registered at the Blockchain International Corporate Registry Authority under Company Filing No. 00020220230207 and Registration No. BICRA.2023.0702.2024

The United States Criminal Tribunal against Corruption, is an international public organization established under the laws of the State of Delaware, USA, with offices at 1209 Orange Street, City of Lewes, County of Sussex, Delaware 19801, United States of America. Registered in the Companies Register of the State of Delaware Division of Corporations under number 7706130 and headquartered at Schenkkade 50, The Hague – 2595 AR, The Netherlands.

Andrey Sykes      |      Judge

James Tai      |      Judge

Universal jurisdiction may be asserted by a particular nation or by an international, impartial operational INGO such as the IACC. The result is the same: individuals become answerable for their crimes which are defined and prosecuted regardless of where the accused lives or where the criminal conduct occurred.


In practice, universal jurisdiction allows the IACC to claim international criminal jurisdiction over an accused person regardless of where the alleged crime was committed, and regardless of the accused's nationality, country of residence, or any other relation with the prosecuting entity. Crimes prosecuted by the IACC under this concept of universal jurisdiction are considered crimes against all, too serious to tolerate jurisdictional arbitrage. In other words, IACC prosecutes crimes that are so grievous as to be universally condemned.


The concept of universal jurisdiction, therefore, is not only closely linked to the idea that some international norms are erga omnes, or owed to the entire world community, but also linked to the concept of jus cogens, that is that certain international law obligations are non-derogable and binding on all states regardless of treaty or convention. 

As an entity organized to provide judicial oversight for existing national judicial systems, the IACC may only exercise its jurisdiction as an international tribunal of last resort when certain conditions are met, such as when a Member State and/or Contracting Party to one of its Founding Treaties has violated either the Founding Treaties or the constitutions and/or laws of that Member State and/or Contracting Party. Thus, the IACC may exercise its jurisdiction over a particular matter in accordance with the provisions of its Founding Treaties if:

a.) There is probable cause to believe that one or more international crimes have been committed and the matter is referred to the Prosecutor by any person, non-governmental organization, or group of individuals in accordance with the Founding Treaties;


b.) There is probable cause to believe that one or more international crimes have been committed and the matter is referred to the Prosecutor by the UN Security Council acting under one or more of the Founding Treaties; or


c.) The Prosecutor has initiated an investigation into the possible commission of one or more international crimes under one or more of the Founding Treaties.

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